Ikam Expeditions has registered 250 species in Morro de Calzada Amazon Center – MCAC from 2020 to the present. In the next article we introduced the 5 species most representative of the site and surroundings.
Endemic species with restricted distribution in two populations of Arena Blanca forests in Northern Peru, the watersheds of the Nanay and Tigre rivers, near Iquitos, in Loreto; and in areas near the Alto Mayo and Huallaga valleys, in San Martin. The Mishana Tyrannulet is a small flycatcher distinguished by its grey head, small size and red bill. In addition, its body is predominantly olive colour, changing to yellow on the chest and belly (Socolar, 2020).
In Morro de Calzada Amazon Center you can observe it frecuently, having registered 2 individuals at one time.
This species is recognized for spending little time in the forest, and look at light places where there are plants with low flowering plants on forest edges; its flight is very similar to bees and the individuals prefer high perches. The species features an elongated rufous crest (male), its body is predominantly green, combined with white, black, bronze, among the most important colours (Züchner, and Boesman, 2020).
In Morro de Calzada Amazon Center you usually can observe in our garden where it eats the nectar of verbenaceae and lantana.
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Russet-crowned Crake (Anurolimnas viridis)
It is a species widely distributed in most of Amazonia, preferring dense vegetation, wet grasslands and bush savannahs and is not strictly terrestrial, as it has been recorded in trees and low shrubs. It is found up to 1,200 metres above sea level. In its genus it is the smallest and has a grey face and completely rufous underparts (Taylor, 2020).
A space has been adapted to facilitate its observation and photography and the continuous monitoring of this species; it shows us it has increased its observation success in the Morro de Calzada Amazon Center.
Golden-collared Toucanet (Selenidera reinwardtii)
The Golden-collared Toucanet is a small toucan that is widely distributed in the lowland forests of western Amazonia, including Ecuador, Colombia, Peru and Brazil. It can be found mainly in the lowland forest undergrowth, but extends to the transition zone with the lower Andes.
It is recognized because the males “wiggle” their bodies up and down while making a song. The colour black predominates in the lower part of the body and green above, combined with red and yellow colours, the easy skin is bluish and has a bright yellow collar for which it is named; the females are equally striking, but the black is replaced by a chestnut colour (del Hoyo, Kirwan, and Collar, 2022). The bill is completely black in the case of the subspecies present in the area, langsdorffii.
In the Morro de Calzada Amazon Center, the species can be frequently observed and heard in the forest cover.
It is a species endemic to northern Peru, located in the southwest of Loreto and north of San Martin; the first reports were recorded in the Cordillera Azul National Park in 1996, until in 2017 it was described as a new species for science. The species is small and males are characterised by their bright red cap, reddish streaked underparts and a yellow band on the chest, on the other hand, females are reddish-brown on the belly and flanks, but lack the red cap and yellow band that males have, both have uniform olive-green upperparts (Kirwan, 2020).
The species can be observed in an area near the Morro de Calzada Amazon Center, where we have recorded up to 3 individuals at the same time. The observation of this species is difficult due to its size, its constant movement and the fact that it normally camouflages itself in the middle of the forest.
The Morro de Calzada Amazon Center is a specialised site for observing and photographing birds and wildlife, located in the area near the Morro de Calzada Ecosystem Conservation and Recovery Zone. Its accessibility is appropriate and the tour is not difficult.
del Hoyo, J., L.L. Short, G. M. Kirwan, and N. Collar (2022). Golden-collared Toucanet (Selenidera reinwardtii), version 1.1. In Birds of the World (B. K. Keeney, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.goctou1.01.1
Kirwan, G. M. (2020). Painted Manakin (Machaeropterus eckelberryi), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (S. M. Billerman, B. K. Keeney, P. G. Rodewald, and T. S. Schulenberg, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.paiman1.01
Socolar, J. (2020). Mishana Tyrannulet (Zimmerius villarejoi), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.mistyr1.01
Taylor, B. (2020). Russet-crowned Crake (Anurolimnas viridis), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.ruccra1.01
Züchner, T. and P. F. D. Boesman (2020). Rufous-crested Coquette (Lophornis delattrei), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.ruccoq1.01